Are you interested in becoming a Certified Battlefield Guide at Antietam National Battlefield? The next written exam will be offered on January 25, 2020.
Please read the 2020 Guide Exam Announcement for all of the information, including necessary pre-requisites before taking the Guide exam.
This is the seventh essay in our monthly series “Finding Antietam – A Guide’s Story.” Each month, we’ll feature the story of one of our guides and what sparked their interest in Antietam and the Civil War and why they became an Antietam Battlefield Guide. Antietam Battlefield Guide Jim Rosebrock first came to the Antietam battlefield with many different perspectives from his reading as a child and service in the Army.
Antietam has held a special place for me ever since I was a child growing up in the Buffalo, New York area. Like so many students of the Civil War who were children in the 1960s, the American Heritage’s Little Golden Book of the Civil War started my lifelong journey as a Civil War historian. I spent many hours poring over the beautifully rendered picture maps with their tiny soldiers in blue and gray charging over cornfields, woods, and bridges.
In high school, it was the stirring prose of Bruce Catton’s Mr. Lincoln’s Army which permanently set the hook. By then I was interested in all eras of military history and began amassing a collection of books and the early Avalon Hill wargames. There was much to be read and war-gamed about Gettysburg, but I could find little about Antietam.
I went to college, got a history degree and became an Army officer. I dragged my growing library and wargame collection around to wherever I was stationed. It was as a young Army captain that I discovered James Murfin’s Gleam of Bayonets and Stephen Sear’s Landscape Turned Red. These two books, now heavily dog eared and annotated, were my first deep dive into the Maryland Campaign.
After nine years in the Army, I landed in the Washington DC area. I stayed in the Army Reserve and eventually retired after 28 years. My own military experience drew me more and more to the leadership of George B. McClellan and Robert E. Lee. For me, this remains a favored area of study.
Strange as it may seem, I still had not visited Antietam. It wasn’t until I settled in this area in the early 1990s that I made my first visit. The occasion was a picnic in the West Woods with my wife and young son. Unlike the hectic pace of Gettysburg where I had visited before, Antietam was different. It was quiet and out of the way. I was drawn to that. I started to visit when family came to town.
In 2007 I decided to become a volunteer at Antietam. Ranger Christie Stanczak got me started volunteering at the desk on Sunday afternoons. I learned so much about the battle from outstanding rangers who pulled the Sunday shift with me. I can’t say enough about the experience and learning that I gained working with all the outstanding men and women of the Park Service. I’m proud to call them my friends.
I also found my “spot” on the field when I became a battlefield ambassador. I sought a place more off the beaten path even for quiet Antietam and chose the North Woods. I spent many volunteer hours at that secluded place talking to visitors and contemplating the hills, woodlots, intermittent streams, and farms around me. I realized how nuanced and important the terrain was to the battle. And in those quiet places, the voices of the men who fought here and the families who lived here spoke to me in many ways. I started a blog called South from the North Woods to capture some of my impressions. I began collecting notable contemporary quotations by and about the men of Antietam and started a second blog, Antietam Voices, where I posted many of these quotes.
I became one of the first members of Battery B, Fourth U.S. Artillery, Antietam’s all-volunteer artillery group and I’ve been with that great group of volunteers ever since. My interest in artillery led me to begin conducting an in-depth study on the regular artillery companies of the Union Army and their leaders. I hope to turn this research into a book in the future.
In 2007 I talked to Steve Recker about becoming an Antietam Battlefield Guide. As I prepared for my examination, I read the works of Joe Harsh and Ethan Rafuse. I learned there was a lot more current objective scholarship out there about the Maryland Campaign than I imagined. I learned the importance of being objective about the history of this place and of the people who fought here. I learned to separate history from historiography. It was a proud moment when Antietam Historian Ted Alexander certified me as an Antietam Battlefield Guide after my successful field test with him and Steve.
I was now a member of a small group of devoted students of the Maryland Campaign. Guides come from many backgrounds, perspectives, and walks of life. We share in common a passion for the Maryland Campaign and the people, places, and events of that critical moment in American history. Some guides are familiar names in Maryland Campaign scholarship. But every man and woman who is a guide, share a devotion for this place, and along with our partners in the National Park Service, spend more time at Antietam than anyone around.
In 2011 I became Chief Guide. It was my honor for the next seven years to play a role in the development and growth of the guide program. We worked to instill a sense of community, collegiality, and collaboration among the members of the guide team. I am proud that the guides here at Antietam share our knowledge, socialize, cooperate and support the Park and organizations like Save Historic Antietam Foundation (SHAF). It is important to me to give back and so many guides do.
Antietam is an incredible story of drama, carnage, leadership, and bravery, that culminated around the fields and woodlots of peaceful Sharpsburg, Maryland, in the bloodiest day in American history. The Union victory here changed the course of the Civil War. So many people contribute to making Antietam the wonderful place that it is. I am honored to be part of that team and I hope to see you here soon.
This is the sixth essay in our monthly series “Finding Antietam – A Guide’s Story.” Each month, we’ll feature the story of one of our guides and what sparked their interest in Antietam and the Civil War and why they became an Antietam Battlefield Guide. Antietam Battlefield Guide Stephen Recker studies many different aspects of the Battle of Antietam, including the battlefield’s first guide.
The first guided battlefield tour I ever experienced was led by Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide Gary Kross in July of 1996. I knew little of the Gettysburg battlefield, but that foggy morning on McPherson’s Ridge as Gary described the Confederate advance from the west, I nervously expected the rebels to burst through the mist and attack us where we stood. Impressed and inspired, I decided that day to leave my job producing multimedia for Apple Computer and start work on an interactive tour called Virtual Gettysburg.
Fast forward a few years and I found myself living in Maryland doing research for Virtual Antietam, which ultimately became a book titled Rare Images of Antietam. With much of my sleuthing time spent at the Antietam National Battlefield, I got to know Bob Casey, the head of the battlefield’s non-profit association, and he asked me if I would start a battlefield guide service at Antietam. Fast forward fifteen years and the Antietam Battlefield Guides are going stronger than ever.
O.T. Reilly was the first Antietam guide. He witnessed the battle from a hill above Keedysville, and spent his long and fruitful life giving tours to famous generals, selling relics out of his shop on the Sharpsburg square, and documenting the history of post-war Sharpsburg in the local papers. I recently won a grant to scan all fifty years of his voluminous output. It will form the basis for my upcoming book on Sharpsburg, as O.T. Reilly saw it.
My favorite tours are the ones where I tromp the field with rare photographs and relics from my collection. Last year I led a tour for the National Civil War Museum and brought along Medal of Honor recipient and Irish Brigade veteran Samuel Cole Wright’s bullet-laden walking stick that he had carved from a piece of the Bloody Lane fence that “shattered in his hands” as he tore it down that fateful day in 1862.
Another uncommon tour that I gave recently followed George McClellan from the port at Alexandria, past the Fairfax Seminary, Upton’s Hill, Chain Bridge, Lafayette Square, Fort Reno, Rockville, Marameade, and ended where any truly epic tour ends, at Nutter’s Ice Cream Shop in Sharpsburg.
But, like coming home from a long journey, when I settle back into a more ‘standard’ tour that begins by looking out over four states from behind the Antietam visitor center, and winds through the Cornfield, the Bloody Lane, and the Burnside Bridge, I never fail to be drawn in by the unmatched beauty of America’s most pristine battlefield, and the epic tale of America’s bloodiest day, as my guests and I stand nervously waiting for the Confederates to break through the mist.